Gerlino Estate

High medieval church

The site currently appears as a conglomeration of modern structures built around a farmhouse of remote construction. Very interesting is the presence of a circular section pillar located on the front of the secondary building situated in the south-east sector. The architectural element has a cylindrical shape and is realized through the use of slightly roughened lithic elements placed on sub-horizontal courses. On the top of the pillar there is a stone table simply squared and roughly blunt. The pillar, due to its typological and constructive characteristics, seems very distant from the peasant construction tradition, furthermore, as masonry element, it is clearly to exclude its provenience from another site. By a preliminary investigation into the history of Arezzo architecture, similarities were noted with elements of sacred buildings present in the territory of Arezzo’s diocese. The presence of cylindrical pillar is attested in the parish of Bagnoro, in the proto-Romanesque phase of the parish of San Quirico in Capannole and in San Vincenti, in all these cases they can be associated to a construction phase between the 10th and the 11th century. From the reading of the published documentary sources we can deduce the presence in 715 of a church dedicated to San Pietro in fundo Gellino. Keeping in mind the small amount of information in our possession, the connection between the cylindrical pillar of Gerlino and the presence on the site of a religious building, attested in the early Middle Ages, would seem very interesting. If this architectural element really was what’s left of the church of San Pietro, it probably would have been part of a construction phase attributable between the 10th and 11th centuries. Currently the settlement is private property and cannot be visited.

The Virtual Museum of Valdambra is a project of the Municipality of Bucine and the Valdambra Association.