Abbey and castle with settlement continuity
The abbey of Santa Maria di Agnano, together with the nearby Badia di Roti, represented one of the largest monastic centers of medieval Valdambra. The power of the monastery derived, in the Middle Ages, mainly due to its function of territorial control by the local lord who were, depending on the centuries, the Ubertini and the Tarlati, both related to the bishop of Arezzo. The decline of the Abbey began to loom between the 14th and 15th centuries with the management change of the power in the territory; from this period the Abbey was erected by commendatory abbots nominated by the pope, among which the last was San Carlo Borromeo. The abbey structure, of which a few traces remain, was placed to the right of the church. This presented similarities with the nearby Abbey of Roti, that is an architectural organism which developed around the quadrangular cloister with the church placed laterally. Still visible are the architectural traces of the castle built to protect the center, monastic, including the building circuit on the west sector and the access door to the south of the settlement.